pg 18

Gravity: Notes

Latitude Dependent Changes in Gravitational Acceleration

Two features of the earth's large-scale structure and dynamics affect our gravity observations: its shape and its rotation. To examine these effects, let's consider slicing the earth from the north to the south pole. Our slice will be perpendicular to the equator and will follow a line of constant longitude between the poles.

*You should have noticed by now that expressions like "to first order" or "to a first order approximation" have been used rather frequently in this discussion. But, what do they mean? Usually, this implies that when considering a specific phenomena that could have several root causes, we are considering only those that are the most important.

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Gravity: Note Outline